What is decadron injection for

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    What is decadron injection for


    Generic Name: Dexamethasone Other Brand Names: Dexasone, Diodex, Hexadrol, Maxidex Other Names: Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate, Dexamethasone Acetate Drug Type: Decadron has many uses in the treatment of cancer. (For more detail, see "How Decadron Works" section below). This list includes common and less common side effects for individuals taking Decadron. Decadron side effects that are very rare, occurring in less than 10% of patients, are not listed here. However, you should always inform your health care provider if you experience any unusual symptoms. Contact your health care provider immediately, day or night, if you should experience any of the following symptoms: You will be checked regularly by your health care professional while you are taking Decadron, to monitor side effects and check your response to therapy. Periodic blood work to monitor your complete blood count (CBC) as well as the function of other organs (such as your kidneys and liver) will also be ordered by your doctor. Corticosteroids are naturally produced by the adrenal gland in the body. For control of severe or incapacitating allergic conditions intractable to adequate trials of conventional treatment in asthma, atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, drug hypersensitivity reactions, perennial or seasonal allergic rhinitis, and serum sickness Day 1: 4-8 mg IM Days 2-3: 3 mg/day PO divided q12hr Day 4: 1.5 mg/day PO divided q12hr Days 5-6: 0.75 mg/day PO in single daily dose Day 7: No treatment 6 weeks: 0.6 mg/kg/day IV divided q6hr for first 2-4 days of antibiotic therapy, starting 10-20 minutes before or simultaneously with first antibiotic dose 6 weeks: 0.6 mg/kg/day IV divided q6hr for first 2-4 days of antibiotic therapy, starting 10-20 minutes before or simultaneously with first antibiotic dose');" class="calc_link" After determination of baseline cortisol level, 1 mg PO at bedtime Plasma cortisol level then determined at AM on following morning; level will be decreased in normal individuals but at baseline level in Cushing syndrome Allergic reactions: Anaphylactoid reaction, anaphylaxis, angioedema Cardiovascular: Bradycardia, cardiac arrest, cardiac arrhythmias, cardiac enlargement, circulatory collapse, congestive heart failure, fat embolism, hypertension, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in premature infants, myocardial rupture following recent myocardial infarction, edema, pulmonary edema, syncope, tachycardia, thromboembolism, thrombophlebitis, vasculitis Dermatologic: Acne, allergic dermatitis, dry scaly skin, ecchymoses and petechiae, erythema, impaired wound healing, increased sweating, rash, striae, suppression of reactions to skin tests, thin fragile skin, thinning scalp hair, urticaria Endocrine: Decreased carbohydrate and glucose tolerance, development of cushingoid state, hyperglycemia, glycosuria, hirsutism, hypertrichosis, increased requirements for insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents in diabetes, manifestations of latent diabetes mellitus, menstrual irregularities, secondary adrenocortical and pituitary unresponsiveness (particularly in times of stress, as in trauma, surgery, or illness), suppression of growth in pediatric patients Fluid and electrolyte disturbances: Congestive heart failure in susceptible patients, fluid retention, hypokalemic alkalosis, potassium loss, sodium retention, tumor lysis syndrome Gastrointestinal: Abdominal distention, elevation in serum liver enzyme levels (usually reversible upon discontinuation), hepatomegaly, increased appetite, nausea, pancreatitis, peptic ulcer with possible perforation and hemorrhage, perforation of the small and large intestine (particularly in patients with inflammatory bowel disease), ulcerative esophagitis Metabolic: Negative nitrogen balance due to protein catabolism Musculoskeletal: Aseptic necrosis of femoral and humeral heads, loss of muscle mass, muscle weakness, osteoporosis, pathologic fracture of long bones, steroid myopathy, tendon rupture, vertebral compression fractures Neurological/Psychiatric: Convulsions, depression, emotional instability, euphoria, headache, increased intracranial pressure with papilledema (pseudotumor cerebri) usually following discontinuation of treatment, insomnia, mood swings, neuritis, neuropathy, paresthesia, personality changes, psychic disorders, vertigo Ophthalmic: Exophthalmos, glaucoma, increased intraocular pressure, posterior subcapsular cataracts, vision blurred Other: Abnormal fat deposits, decreased resistance to infection, hiccups, increased or decreased motility and number of spermatozoa, malaise, moon face, weight gain Systemic fungal infection Documented hypersensitivity Cerebral malaria Administration of live or live, attenuated vaccines is contraindicated in patients receiving immunosuppressive doses of corticosteroids Use with caution in cirrhosis, diverticulitis, myasthenia gravis, peptic ulcer disease, ulcerative colitis, renal insufficiency, pregnancy Average and large doses of corticosteroids can cause elevation of blood pressure, sodium and water retention, and increased excretion of potassium; these effects are less likely to occur with synthetic derivatives except when used in large doses; dietary salt restriction and potassium supplementation may be necessary; all corticosteroids increase calcium excretion Literature reports suggest apparent association between use of corticosteroids and left ventricular free wall rupture after recent myocardial infarction; therapy with corticosteroids should be used with great caution in these patients Corticosteroids can produce reversible hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis suppression with potential for glucocorticosteroid insufficiency after withdrawal of treatment; adrenocortical insufficiency may result from too rapid withdrawal; may be minimized by gradual reduction of dosage; relative insufficiency may persist for months after discontinuation of therapy; therefore, in any situation of stress occurring during that period, reinstitute hormone therapy; if patient is receiving steroids already, may increase dosage Metabolic clearance of corticosteroids is decreased in hypothyroid patients and increased in hyperthyroid patients; changes in thyroid status of patient may necessitate adjustment in dosage Corticosteroids may exacerbate systemic fungal infections; not for use in presence of such infections unless needed to control life-threatening drug reactions; concomitant use of amphotericin B and hydrocortisone followed by cardiac enlargement and congestive heart failure reported Latent disease may be activated or there may be an exacerbation of intercurrent infections due to pathogens, including those caused by Amoeba, Candida, Cryptococcus, Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Pneumocystis, toxoplasma; rule out latent amebiasis or active amebiasis before initiating corticosteroid therapy in any patient who has spent time in the tropics or any patient with unexplained diarrhea Corticosteroids should be used with great care in patients with known or suspected Strongyloides (threadworm) infestation; corticosteroid-induced immunosuppression may lead to Strongyloides hyperinfection and dissemination with widespread larval migration, often accompanied by severe enterocolitis and potentially fatal gram-negative septicemia; not for use in cerebral malaria Close observation necessary if corticosteroids are indicated in patients with latent tuberculosis or tuberculin reactivity; reactivation of the disease may occur; during prolonged corticosteroid therapy, these patients should receive chemoprophylaxis Use of oral corticosteroids not recommended in treatment of optic neuritis and may lead to increase in risk of new episodes; corticosteroids should not be used in active ocular herpes simplex Use lowest possible dose to control condition under treatment; risk/benefit decision must be made in each individual case as to dose and duration of treatment and as to whether daily or intermittent therapy should be used May lead to inhibition of bone growth in pediatric patients and development of osteoporosis at any age; special consideration should be given to patients at increased risk of osteoporosis (e.g., postmenopausal women) before initiating corticosteroid therapy Psychic derangements may appear when corticosteroids are used, ranging from euphoria, insomnia, mood swings, personality changes, and severe depression, to frank psychotic manifestations; existing emotional instability or psychotic tendencies may also be aggravated by corticosteroids Minimal mineralocorticoid activity Thromboembolic disorders Myopathy has been reported Delayed wound healing Withdraw therapy with gradual tapering dose May have systemic and local effects; examine joint fluid, as necessary to exclude a septic process; avoid injection into infected site; frequent intra-articular injections may result in damage to joint tissue If exposed to chickenpox, prophylaxis with varicella zoster immune globulin (VZIG) may be indicated; if exposed to measles, prophylaxis with immune globulin (IG) may be indicated; if chickenpox develops, treatment with antiviral agents should be considered Latent tuberculosis may be reactivated (patients with positive tuberculin test should be monitored) Some suggestion (not fully substantiated) of slightly increased cleft palate risk if corticosteroids are used in pregnancy Prolonged corticosteroid use may result in elevated intraocular pressure, glaucoma, or cataracts with possible damage to optic nerves, and may enhance establishment of secondary ocular infections due to bacteria, fungi, or viruses; consider referral to ophthalmologist for patients who develop ocular symptoms or use corticosteroid-containing products for more than 6 weeks Prolonged therapy has been associated with development of Karposi sarcoma May affect velocity growth in children; monitor routinely Killed or inactivated vaccines may be administered; however, the response to such vaccines cannot be predicted Patient may requre higher doses when subject to stress Immunization procedures may be undertaken in patients who are receiving corticosteroids as replacement therapy in physiologic doses (eg, for Addison’s disease) Potent glucocorticoid with minimal to no mineralocorticoid activity Decreases inflammation by suppressing migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and reducing capillary permeability; stabilizes cell and lysosomal membranes, increases surfactant synthesis, increases serum vitamin A concentration, and inhibits prostaglandin and proinflammatory cytokines; suppresses lymphocyte proliferation through direct cytolysis, inhibits mitosis, breaks down granulocyte aggregates, and improves pulmonary microcirculation Solution: D5W, NS Additive: Aminophylline, bleomycin, cimetidine, floxacillin, furosemide, granisetron, lidocaine, meropenem, mitomycin, nafcillin, netilmicin, ondansetron, prochlorperazine, ranitidine, verapamil Syringe: Caffeine, granisetron, metoclopramide, ondansetron, ranitidine, sufentanil Y-site (partial list): Acyclovir, allopurinol, cisplatin, cladribine, cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, docetaxel, etoposide phosphate, famotidine, fentanyl, fluconazole, gemcitabine, heparin with hydrocortisone, linezolid, lorazepam, meperidine, morphine, potassium chloride, propofol, sodium bicarbonate, zidovudine Additive: Amikacin(? ), daunorubicin, diphenhydramine with lorazepam and metoclopramide, metaraminol, vancomycin Syringe: Diphenhydramine(? ) Y-site: Ciprofloxacin, fenoldopam, idarubicin, methotrexate(? ), midazolam, topotecan The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.

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    Tablets DECADRON 0.5 mg also contain D&C Yellow 10 and FD&C Yellow 6. either Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate injection, USP or DECADRON. Brand and Other NamesDecadron, Dexamethasone Intensol, more. Dexasone. Dosage Forms & Strengths. tablet. Dexamethasone Suppression Test. Decadron dexamethasone is a corticosteroid, similar to a natural hormone produced by the adrenal glands, used to treat arthritis, skin, blood, kidney, eye, thyroid, intestinal disorders, severe allergies, and asthma. Decadron is also used to treat certain types of cancer and occasionally, cerebral edema.

    Each ml of solution contains 3.3 mg dexamethasone (as sodium phosphate) which is equivalent to 4 mg dexamethasone phosphate or 4.3 mg dexamethasone sodium phosphate. : of haemorrhagic, traumatic, surgical or septic origin; cerebral oedema associated with cerebral neoplasm; inflammatory diseases of joints and soft tissue such as rheumatoid arthritis. Short term management of acute self-limited allergic conditions such as angioneurotic oedema or acute exacerbations of chronic allergic disorders such as bronchial asthma or serum sickness. High doses of dexamethasone are intended for the adjunctive treatment of shock where massive doses of corticosteroids are needed. The lowest effective dose should be used for the minimum period and this should be reviewed frequently to appropriately titrate the dose against disease activity (See Warnings Section). There is a lack of evidence that use of corticosteroids in septic shock affects mortality in the long term. Dexamethasone 3.3 mg/ml Solution for Injection may be administered by intramuscular, intraarticular or direct intravenous injection, intravenous infusion or soft tissue infiltration. Use must be accompanied by the appropriate concomitant systemic antibiotic treatment and supportive measures which the patient's condition may require. : IM or IV dosage of dexamethasone is variable, depending on the condition being treated. It usually ranges from 0.4 to 20 mg (0.1 to 6 ml) daily. The duration of therapy is dependent on the clinical response of the patient and as soon as improvement is indicated, the dosage should be adjusted to the minimum required to maintain the desired clinical response. Dexamethasone injection is used to treat severe allergic reactions. It is used in the management of certain types of edema (fluid retention and swelling; excess fluid held in body tissues,) gastrointestinal disease, and certain types of arthritis. Dexamethasone injection is also used for diagnostic testing. Dexamethasone injection is also used to treat certain conditions that affect the blood, skin, eyes, thyroid, kidneys, lungs, and nervous system. It is sometimes used in combination with other medications to treat symptoms of low corticosteroid levels (lack of certain substances that are usually produced by the body and are needed for normal body functioning) and in the management of certain types of shock. Dexamethasone injection is in a class of medications called corticosteroids. It works to treat people with low levels of corticosteroids by replacing steroids that are normally produced naturally by the body.

    What is decadron injection for

    Decadron Side Effects in Detail -, Decadron, Dexamethasone Intensol dexamethasone dosing.

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  7. Jan 3, 2019. Brand Names Baycadron, Decadron, Dexamethasone Intensol, DexPak. Your dosage may change if you have any unusual stress such as a.

    • Dexamethasone Uses, Dosage & Side Effects -.
    • Common Side Effects of Decadron Dexamethasone Drug Center..
    • Dexamethasone Decadron® OncoLink.

    Intravenous or Intramuscular dosage dexamethasone sodium phosphate injection. Adults. 10 mg IV or IM as a single dose, followed by 4 mg IV or IM every 6. Decadron Dexamethasone glucocorticosteroid, how it's given, how it works, precautions and self care. Your doctor will determine your dosage and schedule. Decadron Injection is made by Merck Sharp & Dohme Laboratories-Chibret, Boulevard Etienne, Clementel, Clermont-Ferrand, France, or Merck & Co. Inc. West.

     
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    Amoxicillin and Clavulanic Acid MedlinePlus The combination of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid is used to treat certain infections caused by bacteria, including infections of the ears, lungs, sinus, skin, and urinary tract. Amoxicillin is in a class of medications called penicillin-like antibiotics. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.

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